History in numbers

In 1200 Establishment of Tempelhof commanderies and colonisation of the area through Templar Order at the beginning of the 13 century
1318 After the dissolution of the Templar Order in the year 1312, the commanderies and their estates became the property of Order of Saint John.
1351 (22 July) Tempelhof field was mentioned in a document for the first time: Peace agreement of Margrave Ludwig with the twin cities of Berlin/Coelln on the Tempelhof field
1435 The Order of Saint John sold its possession to the twin cities of Berlin/Coelln.
1442 Seizure of Tempelhof complex by Elector Frederick II. Eisenzahn; Return to Berlin and Cölln, which had to renounce their own jurisdiction for this among other things.
1722 The first parade of Berlin garrison is held by King Friedrich Wilhelm I, the so-called Soldier King; from then on it took place annually and was added with military exercises.
1728 (31 May) King Friedrich Wilhelm I and Augustus the Strong saw one of the largest parades of the 18th century on the Tempelhof field.
1826/27 Sale of Tempelhof field to the Armed Forces Treasury.
1827-1918 Tempelhof field as parade ground of Berlin garrison
1829 Opening of amusement park “Tivoli” at the edge of the ground
1830 Horse-racing track opened on the Tempelhof field.
1861 Construction of garrison graveyard next to the burial ground for fall heroes of liberation wars of 1813/15
1866 Construction of Turkish graveyard after relocation of the previous Turkish burial ground constructed in 1798
1870-72 Barrack hospital for wounded soldiers of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 on the Tempelhof field
1871 (June) Victory parade after winning the Franco-Prussian War on the Tempelhof field
1874 onwards, Building of barracks and other military facilities at the edge of the Tempelhof field
1882 “Three Emperors Parade“ of Wilhelm I, Alexander II of Russia and Franz Joseph of Austria
1884 “Balloon-Detachment” of Prussian army is formed and positioned in Schöneberg on the Tempelhof field.
1888 The B.F.C. Germania 1888, the oldest surviving football club of Germany is formed; the Tempelhof field is used as training ground; in the course of time, up to 37 football clubs trained there.
1893 First scientific ascent of balloon “Humboldt” from the Tempelhof field in Schöneberg
1894-97 Construction of barracks for the “Queen Augusta Garde-Grenadier Regiment No. 4” in Friesenstraße
1895-97 Construction of barracks for the “Garde Kurassier Regiment” in the then Prinz-August-von-Württemberg-Straße
1896 Construction of military arrest institution, later Columbia House 1897
1909 (29 August) Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin paraded through Tempelhof field with LZ 6
1909 (4 - 17 September) Orville Wright’s air shows on Tempelhof field
1909 (23 - 27 September) Advertising flights of Hubert Latham over Tempelhof field 1910
1920 (27 April) Formation of municipality of Greater Berlin; incorporation of Tempelhof After
1920 Second construction phase of Tempelhof field: Garden suburb “Tempelhof field Settlement”; Architects: Fritz Bräuning, Eduard Jobst Siedler
1921-24 Formation of Tempelhof field park at the north edge of the ground
1923 (8 October) Opening of Airport Tempelhof, initially known as “Tempelhof field airport”
1924 (19 May) Establishment of “Berliner Flughafengesellschaft m.b.H.”
1924-25 First phase of construction of the Airport Tempelhof hangars; architects: Heinrich Kosina and Paul Mahlberg Radio and telegraph station; architect: Fritz Bräuning
1925-28 Construction of Neukölln sports park along the Oderstraße
1926-29 Construction of the main building of Airport Tempelhof; architects: Paul and Klaus Engler
1926 (6 January) Establishment of “Deutschen Luft Hansa AG”
1927 Landing of ocean fliers Clarence D. Chamberlin and Charles A. Levine with their aircraft “Columbia” at first in Cottbus and then at Airport Tempelhof
1929 Renaming of Prinz-August-von-Württemberg-Straße to Columbiastraße
1933 (1 May) First Berlin mass arranged on 1st May after the takeover of Tempelhof field; even the rallies of the next years and other NS major events took place here.
1933-34 Gestapo prison of Columbia House (former military prison)
1934-36 Concentration camps Columbia
1935 The architect Ernst Sagebiel received the order for the draft of a new airport.
1936 Start of construction of Airport Tempelhof 1937
1938 Demolition of Columbia House
1939 The construction work of the new airport gradually came to a halt due to the Second World War.
1940 “Weser” Flugzeugbau GmbH starts production in Tempelhof. Beginning of forced labour in airport.
1941 Beginning of production of dive bombers Ju 87; Set-up of a forced labour camp
1944 Air attacks, set-up of “Stuka” production in Tempelhof
1945 (25 April) End of aircraft delivery and forced labourers shortly before the take-over by Allied Forces
1945 (May - July) Airport Tempelhof under Russian command
1945-93 Airport of US Air Force
1949/50 Beginning of departure of GDR refugees from Airport Tempelhof
1948 (23 July - 1 August) 5536 Jewish Displaced Persons flown to Frankfurt am Main in American military aircrafts from Airport Tempelhof.
1948 (26 June) Beginning of “airlift” as a response to imposition of blockades in West Berlin by the Soviet Union
1949 (30 September) Last “airlift flight” of the US Air Force after the Soviet Union lifted the blockades on West Berlin on 12 May
1951 Inauguration of airlift memorial by Eduard Ludwig
1951 (9 July) Resumption of civil air traffic
1953-57 Children of GDR refugee families and deprived families are flown out to Federal Republic for holiday visits.
1959-62 Reconstruction and expansion of Airport Tempelhof
1962 Commissioning of original check-in hall
1971 Peak traffic of Airport Tempelhof with approximately 5.5 million passengers in the civil part
1971-74 Further expansion
1975 Commissioning of Tegel airport; Suspension of air traffic in Tempelhof
1985 Reopening of Airport Tempelhof for business operations and companies with small aircrafts
1990 Increase in air traffic following German Unity
1993 Handover of the airport by US Air Force to Berliner Flughafengesellschaft
1995 The Airport Tempelhof is classified as a historic monument.
1996 Decision for major airport Berlin-Schönefeld
2008 (30 October) Closure of Airport Tempelhof